Generalized Anxiety Disorder
GAD is characterized by excessive, unrealistic worry that often feels uncontrollable.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterized by excessive worry that often feels uncontrollable. In adults, the worry often focuses on job responsibilities, finances, health of family members, or other everyday, routine life circumstances. In addition to chronic worry, GAD symptoms often include restlessness, difficulty concentrating, irritability, disturbed sleep, and insomnia.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCD is characterized by persistent, recurring disturbing thoughts (obsessions) that reflect exaggerated anxiety or fears.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder(OCD) is characterized by persistent, recurring disturbing thoughts (obsessions) that reflect exaggerated anxiety or fears; typical obsessions include worry about being contaminated or fears of behaving improperly or acting violently. The obsessions may lead an individual to perform rituals or routines (compulsions) — such as hand washing, repeated checking, or trying to neutralize or undo scary thoughts — to relieve the distress caused by the obsessions.
PD is characterized by repeated attack of panic which seems to “come out of the blue.”
Panic Disorder (PD) is characterized by repeated attacks of panic, which seem to “come out of the blue”. Individuals with Panic Disorder often erroneously fear that their panic attacks might cause them to have a heart attack or stroke, to go crazy, or to lose control. Symptoms can include heart palpitations, chest pain or discomfort, sweating, trembling, tingling sensations, feeling of choking, fear of dying, fear of losing control, and feelings of unreality.
Panic disorder often occurs with agoraphobia, in which people are afraid of having a panic attack in a place from which escape would be difficult. This can lead to widespread avoidance of public places.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
PTSD can follow an exposure to a traumatic event such as sexual or physical assault, witnessing a death, the unexpected death of a loved one, or natural disaster.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD) can follow an exposure to a traumatic event such as sexual or physical assault, witnessing a death, the unexpected death of a loved one, or a natural disaster. There are three main symptoms associated with PTSD: “reliving” of the traumatic event (such as flashbacks and nightmares); avoidance behaviors (such as avoiding places related to the trauma) and emotional numbing (such as detachment from others); and physiological arousal (such as difficulty sleeping, irritability or poor concentration.)
Social Anxiety Disorder
SAD is characterized by extreme fear about being judged by others or behaving in a way that might cause embarrassment or ridicule.
Social Anxiety Disorder or SAD is characterized by extreme fear about being judged by others or behaving in a way that might cause oneself embarrassment or ridicule. This intense anxiety may lead to avoidance of social situations and significantly restrict one’s social and work life. Physical symptoms associated with this disorder include heart palpitations, faintness, blushing, and profuse sweating.
SP is characterized by an intense fear reaction to a specific object or situation (such as spiders, dogs, or heights);
People with specific phobias suffer from an intense fear reaction to a specific object or situation (such as spiders, dogs, or heights); the level of fear is usually inappropriate to the situation, and is recognized by the sufferer as being irrational and excessive. This inordinate fear can lead to the avoidance of common, everyday situations.
Blood, Injury, Injection Phobia
BII Phobia is a type of specific phobia characterized by fainting (syncope) at the sight of, or the prospect of encountering, blood, injury, or hypodermic injections.
Blood, Injury, Injection Phobia is a type of specific phobia characterized by fainting (syncope) at the sight of, or the prospect of encountering, blood, injury, or hypodermic injections. Individuals who suffer from this often do not seek needed medical care out of fear of fainting in the doctor’s office.
Hair Pulling Disorder/Trichotillomania
Trichotillomania is the recurrent pulling out of one’s hair resulting in noticeable hair loss. Hair is often pulled from the regions of the scalp, eyebrows, or eyelashes, but pulling can take place anywhere hair grows on the body.
Diagnostic Criteria (DSM-5)
The specific DSM-5 criteria for trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) are as follows:
- Recurrent pulling out of one’s hair, resulting in hair loss.
- Repeated attempts to decrease or stop the hair-pulling behavior.
- The hair pulling causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
- The hair pulling or hair loss cannot be attributed to another medical condition (e.g., a dermatologic condition).
- The hair pulling cannot be better explained by the symptoms of another mental disorder (e.g., attempts to improve a perceived defect or flaw in appearance, such as may be observed in body dysmorphic disorder)
Chronic skin-picking is the recurrent picking of one’s skin, which often leads to skin damage.
Skin Picking Disorder, although intended with the motivation to improve one’s appearance, often goes out of control, becomes excessive, and frequently results in significant damage to the skin. Individuals with this disorder are at risk for infection and scarring. Often there is significant social impairment due to the sufferer’s shame over the self-inflicted physical damage produced by the picking behavior.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Individuals with BDD struggle with an intense proccupation with a minor or imagined defect in their appearance.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder or BDD:
Individuals with BDD have an intense proccupation with a minor or imagined defect in their appearance. Their concern about this “defect” is excessive and can often cause significant emotional distress and impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
Individuals with health anxiety (also known as hypochondriasis) are preoccupied with fears of having a significant disease based on the misinterpretation of bodily signs or symptoms.
Individuals with illness anxiety (also known as hypochondriasis) are preoccupied with fears of having a significant disease based on the misinterpretation of bodily signs or symptoms. Often times the person seeks reassurance in the form of performing extensive internet searches, repeatedly asking loved ones for reassurance, or seeking repeated or unneeded medical consultations. Despite receiving reassurances, the individual’s fears often persist. These fears can be quite distressing and can interfere with social and occupational functioning.